Costa Mesa, California
Triangle Square mall in downtown Costa Mesa was built more than a decade ago with a loan from the City and the use of eminent domain to clear out several existing businesses. It was expected to pull in $1 million in sales tax revenues annually, but in 2004, the City collected only $200,000. Since then, the situation has only become worse. The retail center now sits largely vacant, and many of the anchor tenants, including Niketown, have left. Former Mayor Sandra Genis, the sole dissenter when the City approved the $62 million project in 1989, said, “If the market was there, it would have happened on its own.” The mall’s major tenants have gradually left, including a Virgin Megastore in September 2005 and a Barnes and Noble bookshop in January 2006. In December 2005, City officials blamed “poor marketing” on the mall’s failures, ignoring entirely the thriving businesses they condemned for the mall’s owner under the promise of “redevelopment.”
 Steve Lowery, “A Triangle Square Peg in a Round Hole,” Orange County Weekly, Feb. 10, 2005.
 “Triangle Square Needs Less Talk, More Action,” Daily Pilot (Newport Beach and Costa Mesa, CA), Dec. 20, 2005; Brian Martinez and Tiffany Montgomery, “Landmark Lost; Nike Cites Low Occupancy Rates in its Decision to Leave Triangle Square Before Lease Expiration Date,” Orange County Register, January 7, 2005.
 Daniel Yi, “A Black Eye for City’s Face Lift,” Los Angeles Times, January 30, 2005.
 Barnes and Noble Online Store Locator, available at http://www.barnesandnoble.com (June 16, 2006).
 Andrew Edwards, “Owners Blamed for Mall’s Woes,” Daily Pilot (Newport Beach and Costa Mesa, CA), Dec. 16, 2005.